José Bernardo de la Meana
St. Turibius of Astorga
Cathedral of San Salvador, Oviedo, Spain
This saint was bishop of Astorga, Spain, in the 5th century. He vigorously promoted ecclesiastical reform and opposed Priscillianism, a belief system related to Gnostic and Manichean dualism. His feast day is April 16.1
In the statue at left, the chest refers to the Arca Santa, a reliquary on display in a special chamber in the cathedral. According to a 13th-century vita, St. Turibius acquired relics "of Our Lord Jesus Christ and many other saints" while on pilgrimage in Jerusalem. Later he delivered them in a locked chest to King Alfonso, who built a church for the relics dedicated to "the Holy Savior" (the name of the present cathedral). The vita adds that the king then made Turibius Bishop of Astorga. Excerpts from the vita are presented below. The account is almost entirely false,2 but obviously our sculptor found it convincing.
In the statue, the bishop holds flaming coals in a fold of his rochet. a white vestment worn by bishops and abbots when officiating at services other than the Mass These refer to an episode in another vita: An archdeacon resentful of the bishop's reforms accused him of adultery. To demonstrate his innocence, Turibius walked the entire ambit of the church while holding flaming coals in a fold of his rochet. As he walked, he recited Psalm 67 ("Let God arise, and let his enemies be scattered"). When he finished, the rochet was seen to be unharmed and immaculate as ever.3
The inscription on the pedestal of the statue incorrectly identifies the saint as Turibius of Liébana, a monk who lived in the following century.
Photographed at the cathedral by Richard Stracke, shared under Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.
Translated from chapters 3 and 4 (pp. 39-40) of the Istoria S. Thuribii, in Baudouin de Gaiffier, "Vie et Miracles de S. Turibius," Analecta Bollandiana, 59 (1941), 38-64.
1 Butler, II, 101.
2 Baudouin de Gaiffier, "Vie et Miracles de S. Turibius," Analecta Bollandiana, 59 (1941), 35-37.
3 Acta Sanctorum, April vol. 2, 423; October vol. 13, 228.