Boniface was an 8th-century bishop who advanced the conversion of Germany to the Christian faith. This was no small accomplishment, as the resistance of pagan authorities was fierce, but the saint was not one to back down. He was noted especially for cutting down a famous oak said to be sacred to Thor. Finally, his pagan opponents attacked the little camp from which he and his companions were endeavoring to evangelize Friesland. The legend says he looked up from his reading to see a warrior rushing at him with a sword. He held up the book to defend himself, but the sword went right through it and killed Boniface on the spot. The event is pictured in this illustration in the Fulda Sacramentarium:
Other than the standard's bishop's regalia, many images of St. Boniface do not use attributes, but among those that do most have a book pierced by a sword, as in the first image at right. The rest will picture the axe with which he felled the sacred oak, as in the second picture at right.
Prepared in 2016 by Richard Stracke, Emeritus Professor of English, Augusta University