Reliquary with Shepherds' Gifts for the Christ Child

Eastern France, 3rd quarter of the 11th century
Ivory
Musée National de l'Age Médiévale, Paris

Even though the first shepherd's fingers actually touch those of the Christ Child the composition strongly segregates them from the him and from Mary. The tower imposes a strong vertical to separate the two groups and suggests that they are around the corner from each other, not in a horizontal plane.

See detail of Mary and the Christ Child
More of the Shepherds

Photographed at the museum by Richard Stracke, shared under Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.