Saint Ferdinand: The Iconography

In Seville, Spain, St. Ferdinand III, King of Castille and Leon, known as a saint for his outstanding virture. Famous for his zeal at spreading the Faith, after defeating the Moors he left this earth and ascended joyously to the Kingdom of Heaven. – Roman Martyrology for May 30

St. Ferdinand (King Ferdinand III of Castille) united León with Castille and proceeded to conquer most of the Muslim areas of Spain. Pope Clement X canonized him in 1671.

In the statue at right we see Ferdinand's most common attributes: a sword, a small cross in the right hand, and a "mappa mundi" globe. Most other images also give him a crown.

St. Ferdinand was a third-order Franciscan, but he is not pictured in the habit of that order.

Prepared in 2013 by Richard Stracke, Emeritus Professor of English, Augusta University


17th century santo, Pamplona (See description page)


  • Feast day: May 30
  • Lived 1198-1252


  • Acta Sanctorum, May vol. 7, 280-414. (Note the Vita Brevior, 298-304.)
  • Also see the survey of Fernando's hagiography in Butler, 426.