The Griffin
The Iconography
The Griffin is a mythical beast with the body of a lion and the head of an eagle. Griffins came into Greek mythology as guardians of the treasures of Apollo. In Christian art, they functioned originally as symbols of Satan but later were used to sumbolize the union of Christ's divine and human natures (Impelluso, 374).

A late example of the satanic symbolism is outside St. Anthony's basilica, where two huge griffins grasp men and beasts in their paws (second picture at right). Perhaps the most notable example of the christological symbolism is in Dante's Purgatorio used the Griffin to represent Christ in the (cantos 29:106-114, 31:118-26).

Griffins also appear in heraldry. The one shown on the right, in a broken fragment from a French monastery, could have been intended either as a symbol of Christ or as a heraldic reference to a sponsor.

Prepared in 2018 by Richard Stracke, Emeritus Professor of English, Augusta University.

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A griffin carved into a tribune in France. (See the description page.)

NAMES

  • Sometimes spelled "gryphon," or rarely "griffon"

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