Unknown Master, The Holy Kinship

Germany, circa 1410-40
Tempera on oak
Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Cologne, Germany

This is what the Middle Ages saw as the Virgin Mary's extended family. The women are in a "garden enclosed," a phrase from the Song of Songs 4:12 traditionally applied to the Virgin. The men of the family stand at the garden wall behind them.

The members of the family and their relationships are explained in the Golden Legend's chapter 131 on the birth of Mary. They can be identified as follows:

Read more about the Holy Kinship.
Read more about St. Anne, St. Mary Salome, and the Virgin Mary.

Source: Wikimedia Commons