Santiago Mataespañois: St. James the Spaniard-Killer

Mid-19th century
Museum of Pilgrimages, Santiago de Compostela, Spain

According to the label provided by the museum, an indigenous uprising in 19th-century Peru adopted Santiago as its champion, using the "Matamoros" iconography that in Peru had come to be associated with a pre-Columbian deity who drove out evil forces.

Read more about St. James the Greater.

Photographed at the museum by Richard Stracke, shared under Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.