Carol Pellicani (after Carlo Buzzi), The Fall of the Idol of Dagon
West façade, Milan Cathedral
This relief is among four panels flanking the main door of the cathedral that reference the New Testament and the Virgin Mary, traditionally known as the "Ark of the New Covenant."1In I Samuel 5:1-5 the power of the Ark of the (Old) Covenant is demonstrated when the Philistines capture it, bring it to Ashdod, and place it in their temple next to an idol of Dagon. The next morning they find the idol on the floor. They put it back up, but the following morning half the statue lies in pieces on the floor.
This sculpture presents the scene on the second morning. On the left, the ark is pictured as a chest shaped and sized more or less as prescribed in Exodus 10-16. On its cover are the two cherubim prescribed in Exodus 25:17-21. On the right, the idol's feet remain on the pedestal, but the head and trunk lie on the floor. (In Exodus, only the head and hands fall off.)
The same event is famously represented in the frescos at the synagogue of Dura-Europos:
View the relief sculpture in full resolution.
Photographed at the site by Richard Stracke, shared under Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.