In Lorch, in Noricum Ripense1, St. Florian. During the reign of the Emperor Diocletian, at the command of the Prefect Aquilinus, a stone collar was tied onto him and he was thrown into the river Enns. – Roman Martyrology for May 4
In portraits St. Florian is pictured pouring water from a bucket over a burning building, as at right. This iconography is said to illustrate a legend in which he saved a burning building (or town) with a single bucket of water.2 In the context of this legend, Florian is the patron saint of firefighters and an image like the second one at right is often seen on many fire halls in Austria and Bavaria
According to the 9th-century Passion of St. Florian the saint was a military officer and a martyr. His images always have him in Roman or medieval military garb but often omit the martyr's palm branch. The Passion has him called before the prefect Aquilinus during the Diocletian persecutions. Hearing the saint's refusal to worship the gods, Aquilinus orders him beaten with cudgels. That does not break his will, so the prefect has his shoulders flayed. Florian still refuses to comply, so the prefect tells his soldiers to take him to a bridge that crosses the Enns River, tie him to a stone, and toss him in. On arrival at the bridge, Florian asks for time to pray. The guards agree, and he prays with his arms extended like Christ's arms on the cross. After an hour like this, an impatient youth rushes forward and pushes Florian into the river. This sequence is the subject of a sequence of frescos on the ceiling of St. Florian's Abbey in Austria. According to the Passion, the abbey is the site where Florian's body was interred. His body washed up on the shore of the river, where Christ sent an eagle to guard it until a Christian woman found it and buried it at the site where the abbey stands today.
The "Saint Florian Cross" is the basis for identifying shields used by a great many fire departments in Europe and the Americas.
Prepared in 2014 by Richard Stracke, Emeritus Professor of English, Augusta University. Revised 2017-05-15, 2018-03-10. Source of the "Saint Florian Cross": Wikimedia Commons.