Santos in Oaxaca's Ancient Churches

A study of santos in 16th-century and other churches in Oaxaca, Mexico

 

By Claire and Richard Stracke
Funded by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation

In the Museum in the former convento at Santo Domingo Yanhuitlán:

Crucifix 1
Crucifix 2

Crucifix 3
Crucifix 4
Crucifix 5

St. Dominic
St. Dismas
St. Michael

Other santos not photographed

Tour of the Church
Tour of the Ayuxi Chapel

Crucifix 4

Crucifix 4:
On the scutum is a metal cut-out with the lamb and book of John the Evangelist. The crown of thorns is set with "jewels." The blood at the feet has been applied in such a way as to suggest its having been splattered as the nail went through. Some of the ribs are painted on. Several fingers are missing. The gold crosspieces are elaborated carved. Set atop the vertical piece is a carved gilt frame for the "INRI" letters, which are carved.

Local Name: El Señor de la Misericordia.

Basis for Identification: Red embroidered loincloth with scutum, cruciform halo with crown of thorns, skinned knees, wound in side, flowing blood, INRI plaque.

Site: Museum of Santo Domingo Yanhuitlán.

Location: East wall of the convento museum (see note).

Media and construction: Wood, gesso, paint, fabric loincloth and scutum. Eyes: painted. Hair: wig. Sculpted teeth and tongue.

Size: About 9 feet (275 cm.)

Comparable santos in Oaxaca: Achiutla, Santa Ana del Valle1, Santa Ana del Valle2, Santa Ana del Valle3, Cuilapan, Etla, Guelavia, Mitla, Nochixtlán, Tamazulapan1, Tamazulapan2, Teitipac1, Teitipac2, Teitipac3, Teitipac Our Lady of the Rosary, Teotitlán1, Teotitlán2, Teposcolula1, Teposcolula2, Teposcolula3 (in Rosary case),  Teposcolula Convento1, Teposcolula Convento2, Tilantongo1, Tilantongo2, Tlacolula1, Tlacolula2Xoxocotlán1, Xoxocotlán2, Xoxocotlán3, Xoxocotlán4, Yanhuitlán1, Yanhuitlán2, Yanhuitlán Convento1, Yanhuitlán Convento2, Yanhuitlán Convento3, Yanhuitlán Convento5, Yanhuitlán Ayuxi Chapel, Zimatlán.

External Links:
Wikimedia Commons: Crucifixes in Mexico
Catholic Encyclopedia: Archaeology of the Cross and Crucifix
Wikipedia: Crucifix
Christian Iconography: The Crucifixion

Next: The fifth crucifix on the east wall

Previous santo

Introduction to the Museum at Yanhuitlán

Santos Home Page

Note: On this site, references to the cardinal directions in a church always assume that the main altar is at the east end of the church, the narthex or entry area at the west end, and the two walls of the nave on the north and south. (The nave is the long central section.) In Yanhuitlán, this schema extends the four directions to the Museum. That is, "east"   means parallel to the east side of the church, "south" to the south side, etc. Actual orientations may differ.

The photo shown here is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. You are free to share or remix it on two conditions: first, that you attribute it to the photographers, Claire and Richard Stracke, without implying any approval of your work on their part; second, that if you alter, transform, or build upon this photo, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one.