Santos in Oaxaca's Ancient Churches
A study of santos in 16th-century and other churches in Oaxaca, Mexico
By Claire and Richard Stracke
Funded by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation.
In San Pedro y San Pablo
| Ecce Homo:
Beneath the wig, the head is bald and painted. The figure has movable arms. The cross is about 2/3 the height of the figure and is made of green dowels capped with brass.
Local Name: Jesus el Nazareño
Basis for Identification: This is the iconographic type that in this site we usually refer to as "Christ in the purple cloak," i.e., Christ as he stood when Pilate said "Behold the Man" ("Ecce Homo" in Latin). This time the figure has been garbed in white, but in every other way it is the same type: Standing, bloodied, wearing a crown of thorns.
Other characteristics: A cross
leaning against the wall to the left.
Site: Church of San Pedro y San Pablo Etla.
Location: A chapel off the entry to the south transept (see note).
Media and construction: Wood, gesso, paint. Eyes: glass. Teeth. Hair: wig.
Size: Life size.
the 3rd bay of the south wall of the nave, a statue of the Virgin Mary
references to the cardinal directions always assume
that the main altar is at the east end of the church,
the narthex or entry area at the west end, and the two
of the nave on the
north and south. (The
nave is the long central section.)
Actual orientations may differ. Etla's church, like
many others, has a pair of wings that give the
building a cross-like shape; together they form the
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