Santos in Oaxaca's Ancient Churches
A study of santos in 16th-century and other churches in Oaxaca, Mexico
By Claire and Richard Stracke
Funded by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation.
In San Juan Teitipac:
carrying the Cross
Other Santos at San Juan Teitipac
| Saint Philip of
Local Name: San Felipe
Accompanied by three crosses. San Felipe de Jesús is the first Mexican-born person to be declared a saint. His feast is on February 5, which is also Constitution Day, a national holiday.
Comparable santos in Oaxaca: We did not see any.
Wooden crucifix and painted figures of Virgin and St. John.
Location: Glass case on an altar along the south wall
of the nave (see note).
Comparable santos and external links: See below.
Used in processions on January 1. A band of fabric at the chest holds the figure onto the cross. The treatment of the blood and the musculature is realistic but unexceptional.
Local Name: San Manuel
Basis for Identification: Crucifix, red loincloth with red scutum.
Location: above the
fresco of St. John's head in the south wall of the nave
Media and construction: Gesso
and paint over unidentified material. Hair: carved.
Eyes: closed. Closed mouth.
Size: Over 4 feet (120 cm.)
Comparable santos in Oaxaca: Achiutla,
Santa Ana del
Ana del Valle2, Santa Ana del
Teitipac Our Lady of the Rosary, Teotitlán1, Teotitlán2, Teposcolula1,
(in Rosary case), Teposcolula
Xoxocotlán1, Xoxocotlán2, Xoxocotlán3, Xoxocotlán4, Yanhuitlán1, Yanhuitlán2, Yanhuitlán
Convento5, Yanhuitlán Ayuxi Chapel, Zimatlán.
references to the cardinal directions always assume
that the main altar is at the east end of the church,
the narthex or entry area at the west end, and the two
of the nave on the
north and south. (The
nave is the long central section.)
Actual orientations may differ.