Santos in Oaxaca's Ancient Churches
A study of santos in 16th-century and other churches in Oaxaca, Mexico
By Claire and Richard Stracke
Funded by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation
| Crucifixion group (crucifix with two monks):
The words DESDE ALLI [HA DE] VENIR [A] IUZGAR [A] LOS VIVOS Y A [L]OS MUERTOS, ("from whence he shall come to judge the living and the dead," a phrase from the Apostles' Creed) are written on the cowl of the monk on the right. The cowl on the left also has writing on it, but it is illegible. Judging from the length, it may be the phrase al tercer día resucitó de entre los muertos, the only long phrase from the Creed that is not found on any of the other santos in the former convento.
Basis for Identification (monks): Tonsures, cowls. The book and chalice of the monk on the right could possibly identify him as St. Hyacinth.
Basis for Identification (crucifix):
INRI plaque, streaming blood, loincloth and scutum.
Site: Former convento of San Pedro y
San Pablo, Teposcolula.
Location: In a room off the southwest corner of the garden of the convento. (see note).
Comparable santos in the former
convento are emblazoned with phrases that form almost
the entire Apostles' Creed:
Comparable santos in Oaxaca (crucifix): Achiutla, Santa Ana del Valle1, Santa Ana del Valle2, Santa Ana del Valle3, Cuilapan, Etla, Guelavia, Mitla, Nochixtlán, Tamazulapan1, Tamazulapan2, Teitipac1, Teitipac2, Teitipac3, Teitipac Our Lady of the Rosary, Teotitlán1, Teotitlán2, Teposcolula1, Teposcolula2, Teposcolula3 (in Rosary case), Teposcolula Convento1, Teposcolula Convento2, Tilantongo1, Tilantongo2, Tlacolula, Xoxocotlán1, Xoxocotlán2, Xoxocotlán3, Xoxocotlán4, Yanhuitlán1, Yanhuitlán2, Yanhuitlán Convento1, Yanhuitlán Convento2, Yanhuitlán Convento3, Yanhuitlán Convento4, Yanhuitlán Convento5, Yanhuitlán Ayuxi Chapel, Zimatlán.Other santos not photographed
Introduction to Teposcolula
Note: On this site, references to the cardinal directions always assume that the main altar is at the east end of the church, the narthex or entry area at the west end, and the two walls of the nave on the north and south. (The nave is the long central section.) In the case of the former convento at Teposcolula, directional references align with those of the Teposcolula church. Actual orientations may differ.
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